Solution Manual for Operations Management 13th Edition by Stevenson
chapter 19
Linear Programming
Teaching Notes
The main goal of this supplement is to provide students with an overview of the types of problems that have been solved using linear programming (LP). In the process of learning the different types of problems that can be solved with LP, students also must develop a very basic understanding of the assumptions and special features of LP problems of management test bank.
Students also should learn the basics of developing and formulating linear programming models for simple problems, solve twovariable linear programming problems by the graphical procedure, and interpret the resulting outcome. In the process of solving these graphical problems, we must stress the role and importance of extreme points in obtaining an optimal solution.
Improvements in computer hardware and software technology and the popularity of the software package Microsoft Excel make the use of computers in solving linear programming problems accessible to many users. Therefore, a main goal of the chapter should be to allow students to solve linear programming problems using Excel. More importantly, we need to ensure that students are able to interpret the results obtained from Excel or any another computer software package.
Answers to Discussion and Review Questions
 Linear programming is wellsuited to constrained optimization problems that satisfy the following assumptions:
 Linearity: The impact of decision variables is linear in constraints and the objective function.
 Divisibility: Noninteger values of decision variables are acceptable.
 Certainty: Values of parameters are known and constant.
 Nonnegativity: Negative values of decision variables are unacceptable.
 The “area of feasibility,” or feasible solution space is the set of all combinations of values of the decision variables that satisfy all constraints. Hence, this area is determined by the constraints.
 Redundant constraints do not affect the feasible region for a linear programming problem. Therefore, they can be dropped from a linear programming problem without affecting the feasible solution space or the optimal solution.
 An isocost line represents the set of all possible combinations of two input decision variables that result in a given cost. Likewise, an isoprofit line represents all of the possible combinations of two output variables that results in a given profit.
 Sliding an objective function line towards the origin represents a decrease in its value (i.e., lower cost, profit, etc.). Sliding an objective function line away from the origin represents an increase in its value.
 a. Basic variable: In a linear programming solution, it is a variable not equal to zero.
 Shadow price: It is the change in the value of the objective function for a oneunit change in the righthandside value of a constraint.
 Range of feasibility: The range of values for the righthandside value of a constraint over which the shadow price remains the same.
 Range of optimality: The range of values over which the solution quantities of all the decision variables remain the same.
Solution to Problems
 a. Graph the constraints and the objective function:
Material constraint:
6x_{1} 4x_{2} ≤ 48
Replace the inequality sign with an equal sign:
6x_{1} 4x_{2} = 48
Set x_{1} = 0 and solve for x_{2}:
6(0) 4x_{2} = 48
4x_{2} = 48
x_{2} = 12
One point on the line is (0, 12).
Set x_{2} = 0 and solve for x_{1}:
6x_{1} 4(0) = 48
6x_{1} = 48
x_{1} = 8
A second point on the line is (8,0).
Labor constraint:
4x_{1} 8x_{2} ≤ 80
Replace the inequality sign with an equal sign:
4x_{1} 8x_{2} = 80
Set x_{1} = 0 and solve for x_{2}:
4(0) 8x_{2} = 80
8x_{2} = 80
x_{2} = 10
One point on the line is (0, 10).
Set x_{2} = 0 and solve for x_{1}:
4x_{1} 8(0) = 80
4x_{1} = 80
x_{1} = 20
A second point on the line is (20, 0).
Objective function:
Let 4x_{1} 3x_{2} = 24.
Set x_{1} = 0 and solve for x_{2}:
4(0) 3x_{2} = 24
3x_{2} = 24
x_{2} = 8
One point on the line is (0, 8).
Set x_{2} = 0 and solve for x_{1}:
4x_{1} 3(0) = 24
4x_{1} = 24
x_{1} = 6
A second point on the line is (6, 0).
The graph and the feasible solution space (shaded) are shown below:
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Description  By: Stevenson Edition: 13th Edition Format: Downloadable ZIP Fille Resource Type: Solution Manual Duration: Unlimited downloads Delivery: Instant Download  Edition: 8th Edition Format: Downloadable ZIP Fille Resource Type: Solution manual Duration: Unlimited downloads Delivery: Instant Download  By: Anderson Edition: 15th Edition Format: Downloadable ZIP Fille Resource Type: Solution manual Duration: Unlimited downloads Delivery: Instant Download  Edition: 4th Edition Format: Downloadable ZIP Fille Resource Type: Solution Manual Duration: Unlimited downloads Delivery: Instant Download  By: Stevenson Edition: 6th Edition Format: Downloadable ZIP Fille Resource Type: Solution manual Duration: Unlimited downloads Delivery: Instant Download  By: Wisner Edition: 5th Edition Format: Downloadable ZIP Fille Resource Type: Solution manual Duration: Unlimited downloads Delivery: Instant Download 
Content  Solution Manual for Operations Management 13th Edition by Stevensonchapter 19 Linear Programming Teaching Notes The main goal of this supplement is to provide students with an overview of the types of problems that have been solved using linear programming (LP). In the process of learning the different types of problems that can be solved with LP, students also must develop a very basic understanding of the assumptions and special features of LP problems of management test bank. Students also should learn the basics of developing and formulating linear programming models for simple problems, solve twovariable linear programming problems by the graphical procedure, and interpret the resulting outcome. In the process of solving these graphical problems, we must stress the role and importance of extreme points in obtaining an optimal solution. Improvements in computer hardware and software technology and the popularity of the software package Microsoft Excel make the use of computers in solving linear programming problems accessible to many users. Therefore, a main goal of the chapter should be to allow students to solve linear programming problems using Excel. More importantly, we need to ensure that students are able to interpret the results obtained from Excel or any another computer software package. Answers to Discussion and Review Questions
 Solution Manual for Cost Management 8th Edition by BlocherDescriptionSolution Manual for Cost Management: A Strategic Emphasis, 8th Edition, By Edward Blocher, David Stout, Paul Juras, Steven Smith, Table of Contents PART ONE Introduction to Strategy, Cost Management, and Cost Systems 1 Cost Management and Strategy 2 Implementing Strategy: The Value Chain, the Balanced Scorecard, and the Strategy Map 3 Basic Cost Management Concepts 4 Job Costing 5 ActivityBased Costing and Customer Profitability Analysis 6 Process Costing 7 Cost Allocation: Departments, Joint Products, and ByProducts PART TWO Planning and Decision Making 8 Cost Estimation 9 ShortTerm Profit Planning: CostVolumeProfit (CVP) Analysis 10 Strategy and the Master Budget 11 Decision Making with a Strategic Emphasis 12 Strategy and the Analysis of Capital Investments 13 Cost Planning for the Product Life Cycle: Target Costing, Theory of Constraints, and Strategic Pricing PART THREE OperationalLevel Control 14 Operational Performance Measurement: Sales, DirectCost Variances, and the Role of Nonfinancial Performance Measures 15 Operational Performance Measurement: IndirectCost Variances and ResourceCapacity Management 16 Operational Performance Measurement: Further Analysis of Productivity and Sales 17 The Management and Control of Quality PART FOUR ManagementLevel Control 18 Strategic Performance Measurement: Cost Centers, Profit Centers, and the Balanced Scorecard 19 Strategic Performance Measurement: Investment Centers and Transfer Pricing 20 Management Compensation, Business Analysis, and Business Valuation  Solution Manual for An Introduction to Management Science 15th Edition by AndersonChapter 1 Introduction Learning Objectives
 Solution Manual for Strategic Brand Management Building Measuring 4th editionDesign a valuable brand star by building, measuring, and managing brand equity Kevin LeneKeller is one of the global leaders in strategic management and integrated marketing communications. In Strategic Brand Management: Creating, Managing, and Monitoring Buildings, 4^{th}Edition by Kevin lane Keller flash at the browser from a consumer perspective and provides a framework that helps learners and managers identify brand quality, Define and measure. Using a gateway from the knowledge of both learning and industry experts, the text conveys on reputable examples and commercial studies of markets in the US and around the world. Strategic brand management by Kevin Lene Keller exposes Brand is basically a dimension differ in some way from other products designed to meet some needs. These differed encase may be tangible and nontangible related to an item quality of brand—or more symbolic and emotional, a customer this thing keep in mind before purchasing a product. It usually contains several examples on each topic, and 75 short branching’s of branding that recognizes successful series and explains why they are so. Case readers will get acquainted with reallife news with Leaky Dockers, Intel Corporation, Nivea, Nike, and Starbucks. Brand managers to industry professionals for market marketing executives. Strategic brand management by Kevin Lene Keller exposes Brand is basically a dimension differ in some way from other products designed to meet some needs. These differed encase may be tangible and nontangible related to an item quality of brand—or more symbolic and emotional, a customer this thing keep in mind before purchasing a product. Industry thinking and developments, brand genuine and strategic branding research combines a comprehensive theoretical foundation with this comprehensive ongoing and longterm bestpractice decision. Longterm exclusive brand strategy. Generally focused on how and why, it provides specific strategic guidance for planning, building, measuring, and managing brand equity.  Solution Manual for Operations Management 6th CANADIAN Edition by StevensonChapter No 1 INTRODUCTION TO Operations Management Teaching Notes The initial meeting with the class (the first chapter) is primarily to overview the course (and textbook), and to introduce the instructor and his/her interest in Operations Management (OM). The course outline (syllabus), the objectives of the course and topics, chapters, and pages of text covered in the course, as well as problems/minicases, to be done in class, videos to watch, Excel worksheets to use, etc. are announced to the class. Many students may know little about OM and the types of jobs available. This point can be addressed in order to generate enthusiasm for the course. The Learning Objectives at the beginning of the chapter indicate the highlights of the chapter. Answers to Discussion and Review Questions
 Solution Manual for Principles of Supply Chain Management 5th Edition by WisnerPRINCIPLES OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT: A BALANCED APPROACH, 5^{th}Ed. Answers to Questions/Problems Chapter OneDiscussion Questions

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